The Long March to Freedom National Heritage Monument

by | Jan 7, 2018 | Museums and Buildings, Parks/Nature Reserves, Pretoria | 17 comments

UPDATE (JANUARY 2019): The Long March to Freedom National Heritage Monument has moved, from the Fountains Valley Resort to Maropeng in the Cradle of Humankind. Read about my visit to the new location.

In Pretoria, just off the highway in a local park called Fountains Valley, is an army of life-sized bronze men and women walking toward freedom. This hidden bronze army, made up of heroes who fought in the South African struggle for democracy over the past four centuries, is the Long March to Freedom National Heritage Monument.

Robert Sobukwe sculpture at Long March to Freedom National Historic MonumentA bronze of Robert Sobukwe, made by artists Louis Olivier and Nkhensani Rihlampfu, on the Long March to Freedom. The woman to Sobukwe’s left is Helen Suzman

I first encountered these sculptures in 2015, when about eight or ten of them went up in Walter Sisulu Square in Kliptown. I was disappointed when the sculptures later disappeared from Kliptown and someone told me they’d been moved to a field in Pretoria. That didn’t make sense.

It took me a couple of years to get to the sculptures’ new home in Fountains Valley. Now that I’ve been there, and seen not ten sculptures but 100, all marching in the same direction — some with fists raised, one on horseback, one astride a bull, some carrying books or briefcases and others wielding rifles or spears — I get it.

Sisulus at Long March to FreedomWalter and Albertina Sisulu, leading the charge. Chris Hani is behind the Sisulus to their right. (Rather than explain who each person is, I’ve linked to the heroes’ bios on the National Heritage Monument website.)

When viewed separately, these sculptures are just sculptures. But when viewed together, marching as one, they’re not sculptures anymore. They’re real people. Walking among them is like taking a literal journey through the human history of South Africa.

Frances Beard and Trevor Huddleston in the Long March to FreedomFrances Baard marches toward freedom, flanked by Father Trevor Huddleston to her left and Anton Lamdede to her right. 

Tambos sculptures at Long March to FreedomOliver Tambo (one of the sculptures I originally saw in Kliptown) and his wife Adelaide.

The Long March to Freedom National Heritage Monument is the brainchild of Dali Tambo, son of Oliver and Adelaide Tambo. (Wikipedia has a pretty good description of the monument.) There are about 100 sculptures in the collection now and it’s increasing all the time. The eventual plan is to grow the army to more than 400.

The Long March to Freedom has commissioned 40 professional sculptors, many of whom partnered with and mentored a group of less experienced sculptors while creating the works for this exhibit.

Visiting the Long March to Freedom

I visited the Long March to Freedom at sunrise — I was tagging along with some people working on another photography project — and arrived at about 5:30 a.m.. It’s really not necessary to go that early, but I recommend going either early or late in the day because: 1) The light is better for photos; and 2) There’s no shade and I’ve heard it gets very hot in the middle of the day.

Although hardly anyone knows about it, the monument is easy to find. Type “Fountains Valley” into your GPS, or take the Eeufees Road exit off Ben Schoeman Freeway (near the Voortrekker Monument), turn right, and drive straight through the Fountains Valley gates. Once inside, there are signs directing you to the Long March to Freedom.

The sculptures are in a clearing next to the old Moyo restaurant. I was annoyed by the ugly metal fence surrounding the exhibit, which creeps into every photo, and could do without the artificial turf the sculptures are standing on. I understand the need though: The artwork must be protected against theft, and mowing real grass around hundreds of individual statues and plaques is totally infeasible.

None of that really matters because this army is so. freaking. cool.

Gandhi and others at the Long March to FreedomGandhi and friends march toward freedom. I love the statue of author Solomon (Sol) Plaatjie, who is riding a bicycle with a typewriter on the back.

Solomon Mahlangu at the Long March to FreedomSolomon Mahlangu.

Haile Selassie at Long March to FreedomHaile Selassie, one of a few non-South-African leaders represented in the Long March to Freedom. Selassie is a controversial figure, as are several of the other people in the monument. But I think that’s part of the point…Heroes can also be villains. 

Fidel Castro in Long March to FreedomFidel Castro, another controversial leader. I love his sculpture.

Bertha Goxwa at Long March to FreedomBertha Goxwa.

Govan Mbeki at Long March to FreedomGovan Mbeki.

Miriam Makeba at Long March to FreedomMiriam Makeba, with Joe Slovo and Ruth First behind her.

Helen Joseph in the Long March to FreedomHelen Joseph.

Charlotte Maxeke in Long Walk to FreedomCharlotte Maxeke.

Basil d'Oliveira in the Long March to FreedomBasil d’Oliveira, who I was excited to see because: 1) I think he’s the only professional athlete in the army; and 2) My friend Nkhensani Rihlampfu made this sculpture and I’ve seen it several times in his studio.

Traveling Back in Time

When I walked through the monument, I started at the front and moved toward the back. Time moved backward as I walked, and when I neared the rear of the army I met the heroes and warriors of the 19th, 18th, and 17th centuries. This was my favorite section.

Olive Schreiner in the Long March to FreedomEarly feminist author Olive Schreiner, the only hero portrayed with her dog.

Queen Labotsibeni Mdluli at Long March to FreedomQueen Labotsibeni Mdluli. This woman looks fierce.

Cetshwayo kaMpande in the Long March to FreedomCetshwayo kaMpande, last king of the independent Zulu nation.

King Maqoma in Long Walk to FreedomKing Maqoma.

Nommoa (Doman) Goringhaiqua at Long March to FreedomNommoä (Doman) Goringhaiqua, the “oldest” hero in the monument, was born in 1618. I’m particularly fascinated by Doman’s story: He was an interpreter for Jan van Riebeeck, the colonial founder of Cape Town, and later led the first Khoikhoi-Dutch War of Resistance. He is also credited, along with other Khoikhoi-Dutch interpreters of the time, for laying the foundations of the Afrikaans language.

Take the Long March to Freedom

I only spent about 90 minutes at the Long Walk to Freedom but I could have spent double that. I doubt I read even half the plaques. Plus the army will be growing all the time and there is a plan to add several other interesting features to the park. (Read more on the National Heritage Monument website.) I can’t wait to go back.

Take the Long March to Freedom now, while it’s still new and not many people know about it. The park is open every day during daylight hours. Fountains Valley admission fees (which are minimal) apply.

Heather at the Long March to FreedomWalking the Long March to Freedom. I felt like I needed a prop, and since Marie-Lais had my camera I chose my phone. (Photo: Marie-Lais Emond)


  1. dizzylexa

    Looking forward to going really soon, also been on my to do list forever.

    • 2summers

      You’ll love it – allow plenty of time 🙂

  2. catji

    Thank you!
    Good to see Helen Suzman honoured there. A remarkable woman, very brave. A lone voice in Parliament, she called them out on everything – not just major controversial issues, she demanded disclosure of suspicious expenditure of fiscal revenue and so on. Quite a hero to me as a young teenager.

    • 2summers

      Going to the monument has really motivated me to learn more about all of these people. I know too little.

  3. autumnashbough

    That is impressive. I like the idea that the sculptors are also mentoring as they work. It seems worthy of these particular historical figures.

    • 2summers

      I know, everything about this project is so great.

  4. Rosemary

    Love this……thank you so much for sharing. I love how you can’t really tell who’s white and who’s black from the sculptures alone. Such a fascinating walk through history…?modern take on Madame Tussaud’s

    • 2summers

      Yes. I love everything about these sculptures!

  5. Belladonna Took

    This is wonderful! I wish I’d known about it … Will definitely go next time I’m in South Africa.

    • 2summers

      Luckily I don’t think it’s going anywhere 🙂

      • Kenny

        Lumumba and Sankara are here ?

  6. T.Ronde

    H.I.M Haile Selassie I ,supported ANC and gave Nelson Mandela his military training,check what he did as head of the O.A.U and you will find out what he did for south Africa, he is a true hero !!!

  7. Thebe

    Inkosi uMzilikazi…now that is one story that needs to be told. From kwazulu to Gauteng to Mosega to Botswana to Bulawayo! Batswana named him Tautona!

  8. Nombulelo

    I am shocked to only know about this now. Such impressive work of art. Can’t to go to Fountains. Definitely Definitely going.
    Hope Thswane municipality does more to publicly share this.
    Thanks for sharing.

  9. Dee Trubshaw

    I started following you on Facebook in 2008 or 2009.
    As you started your second summer, I was preparing to go back to UK and ended up with 2 winters.

    I always loved the way you tried to find out every bit of SA history surrounding the places you visit.

    I’ve seen these statues before, but didn’t know where to find them.
    I’m watching the Springboks playing Wales and saw this in the Pretoria promo before the match. As my brother is planning to visit South Africa later this year, I wanted to look up the information for him.

    Finding your article was an added bonus.
    You always make your visits worthwhile and show the best of all the places. Thank you.

    On another note, I absolutely love that this installation keeps growing, giving new emerging artists a chance to shine. In addition, the story expands and if the location changes, it means that more people get the opportunity to see this awesome artwork.

    My green blood is pumping proudly.

    Regards, Dee.

    • 2summers

      Hi Dee, thanks so much for the comment and for reading my blog all these years. Just FYI: Sadly these stature have moved to Cape Town in Century City. You’ve reminded me I need to update this post! I hope your brother gets a chance to see them.



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